Padre Garcia is a second class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 44,877 people and 23,327 registered voters.
Padre Garcia’s old name is Lumang Bayan, as it is the former seat of government of the neighboring town of Rosario. The name of the town is derived from one of its most famous sons, Padre Vicente Garcia, a native of Barangay Maugat. He was one of the first defender’s of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere. He and Rizal were friends during the time when they were fighting for the Philippine’s independence from Spain.
It is bounded on the north by Lipa City, on the east by the Municipality of San Antonio, Quezon, south by Rosario and on the west by Lipa City and Rosario.
The town was originally a part of Rosario and known as Lumang Bayan or Sambat. It became a separate municipality in 1949, with Jose A. Pesigan and Rustico K. Recto as first elected mayor and vice mayor respectively.
In 1952, the town council founded the cattle market or “bakahan”. This was in direct competition to the established livestock market of neighbouring Rosario, which resulted in rivalry, intimidation, and violence at times. But the market succeeded and developed into the biggest auction market in Southern Tagalog.
Population census of Padre Garcia
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 25,958 —
1995 28,959 +2.07%
2000 34,504 +3.83%
2007 42,942 +3.06%
2010 44,877 +1.62%
Source: National Statistics Office